file

{{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}}
noun
1 collection of papers
ADJECTIVE
bulging, bulky (BrE), thick
box (BrE), card, lever-arch (BrE), Manila, paper

six box files bulging with notes

official
confidential, personal, secret
detailed
case

The work involves preparing case files and attending court.

information
client, customer, personnel
court, newspaper, office, police, security
medical
… OF FILES
box, stack

A stack of files awaited me on my desk.

VERB + FILE
have, keep, maintain

The company keeps secret files on all its employees.

Personnel files are kept in secure storage.

keep sth on

Your application will be kept on file (= kept for possible future use).

collate, compile, prepare

He had compiled a file of largely circumstantial evidence.

enter sth into (esp. BrE)

The details of the incident will be entered into the file.

open

The police have opened a file on the case.

close

The file on the murder was closed five years ago.

She closed the file and put it aside.

reopen

Police have reopened the file on the missing girl.

review
update

It is important to update customer files.

pull, pull out, remove, take out

She went to the filing cabinet and took out a file.

check, examine, go through, look at, read, scan

I'll check the files for any information on the case.

burn, destroy
FILE + VERB
contain sth
FILE + NOUN
cabinet, drawer (both AmE) (filing cabinet in BrE)
folder
clerk (AmE)
PREPOSITION
in a/the file

the information contained in the police files

on file

All the details of the transaction are on file.

file on

The police already have a thick file on that family.

2 on a computer/disk
ADJECTIVE
large
computer, digital, electronic
data, database, document, spreadsheet, text
executable, program
system
audio, music, sound
graphics, image
multimedia
video
master
backup

to make/take a backup file

log
HTML, PDF, etc.
compressed, ZIP
infected
help
… OF FILES
directory, list, set
VERB + FILE
create
download, upload
hold sth in, store sth in

the information held in this file

close, open
save
load
install
access, read, view

You need a special password to access this file.

back up, copy
edit, modify
delete, erase
delete sth from

Data has been deleted from this file.

name, rename
recover, retrieve

how to recover deleted files

hold, store

The files are stored in Mac format.

compress
send, transfer

Files are transferred between workstations.

export, import
share
attach
overwrite
encrypt
FILE + VERB
contain sth
FILE + NOUN
name
format, size
server
sharing
system
transfer
extension
manager
PREPOSITION
in a/the file

The names and addresses are all kept in computer files.

{{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}}
verb
1 put sth in a file
ADVERB
alphabetically
electronically
mentally

She mentally filed the name away for later.

away

These notes should be carefully filed away for future reference.

PREPOSITION
under

The card is filed alphabetically under the name of the editor.

2 record sth officially
ADVERB
formally, officially

He has now formally filed a complaint against the police.

jointly
PREPOSITION
for

to file for bankruptcy/divorce

with

A copy of the notice must be filed with the court.

3 walk in line
ADVERB
silently
out, past

The long line of mourners filed silently past.

PREPOSITION
in, into, out of, past, through
File is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑attorney
File is used with these nouns as the object: ↑action, ↑appeal, ↑application, ↑challenge, ↑charge, ↑claim, ↑complaint, ↑document, ↑grievance, ↑indictment, ↑injunction, ↑litigation, ↑nail, ↑notice, ↑objection, ↑paper, ↑paperwork, ↑patent, ↑petition, ↑plan, ↑record, ↑registration, ↑report, ↑statement, ↑story, ↑suit, ↑writ

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • File — Aktuelle Version: 5.01 (30. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Multiplattform Kategorie: Remote Access Lizenz: GPL …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — 1 vb filed, fil·ing vt 1 a: to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records esp. as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding filed a tax return a financing… …   Law dictionary

  • file — Aktuelle Version 5.09 (16. September 2011) Betriebssystem Multiplattform Kategorie Remote Access Lizenz BSD Lizenz Deutschsprachig nein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File 13 — is a euphemism for the trash can. The phrase is especially used in the U.S. military, and is less common outside of the United States. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the expression round file or circular file is more common (in reference to …   Wikipedia

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe[ o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

  • filé — filé, ée 1. (fi lé, lée) part. passé. 1°   Mis sous forme de fil. Du chanvre filé.    Terme de luthier. Cordes filées, celles qui sont entourées d un fil de laiton comme la grosse corde de violon. 2°   Fig. Il se dit du fil que filent les Parques …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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