strain

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noun
1 severe demand on strength, resources, etc.
ADJECTIVE
considerable, enormous, great, heavy, real, severe, terrible, tremendous

It's a real strain having to get up so early!

slight
increasing
constant
excessive, intolerable (esp. BrE), unbearable, undue
emotional, financial, mental, nervous, physical, psychological

The mental strain of sharing an office with Alison was starting to show.

VERB + STRAIN
be under, come under, feel, suffer, suffer from

Television newsreaders come under enormous strain.

After weeks of overtime, she was starting to feel the strain.

cause, create, impose, place, put

Increasing demand is placing undue strain on services.

ease, reduce
cope with, stand, take
increase
STRAIN + VERB
show, take its toll (on sb), tell (on sb) (BrE)

After weeks of uncertainty, the strain was beginning to take its toll.

PREPOSITION
under the strain

The ice gave way under the strain.

He broke down under the strain of having to work twelve hours a day.

strain on

Losing the business put a strain on their relationship.

PHRASES
a bit of a strain

I found it a bit of a strain making conversation with her.

signs of strain

After three years, their marriage was beginning to show signs of strain.

stresses and strains

the stresses and strains of a long day

take the strain off sb, take the strain out of sth

The Internet takes the strain out of shopping.

2 injury
ADJECTIVE
bad
slight
back, eye (esp. BrE), muscle, thigh, etc.
VERB + STRAIN
be suffering from, have
get

You'll get eye strain if you don't put the light on.

recover from, shake off (BrE)

Gerrard will play if he can shake off a slight thigh strain.

3 type of virus or bacteria
ADJECTIVE
new
mutant
virulent
antibiotic-resistant, drug-resistant, resistant
bacterial, viral
flu, influenza
VERB + STRAIN
discover, identify
analyse/analyze, examine, test
PREPOSITION
strain of

H5N1 is a strain of avian influenza.

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verb
1 make a great effort to do sth
ADVERB
hard

You could see he was straining hard to understand.

forward

I strained forward to get a better view.

VERB + STRAIN
have to
PREPOSITION
against

The dogs were straining against the sled.

at

Several men were straining at a rope, trying to move the stalled vehicle.

for

Their ears strained for any slight sound.

under (often figurative)

The company is already straining under the weight of a $12 billion debt.

PHRASES
strain to hear sth, strain to see sth

We had to strain to hear what was being said.

2 put a lot of pressure on sth
ADVERB
seriously, severely

The dispute severely strained relations between the two countries.

PHRASES
strain sth to breaking point (BrE), strain sth to the breaking point (AmE)

Our public health laboratories are strained to (the) breaking point.

strain sth to its limits, strain sth to the limit
Strain is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑ear, ↑eye, ↑muscle
Strain is used with these nouns as the object: ↑budget, ↑credulity, ↑ear, ↑eye, ↑finance, ↑juice, ↑ligament, ↑liquid, ↑mixture, ↑muscle, ↑neck, ↑nerve, ↑patience, ↑resource, ↑spaghetti, ↑voice

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strain — can refer to: * Strain (biology), a variant of a plant, virus or bacterium; or an inbred animal used for experimental purposes * Strain (chemistry), a chemical stress of a molecule * Strain (continuum mechanics), the deformation of materials… …   Wikipedia

  • Strain — Strain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Strained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Straining}.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. [ e]treindre, L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to E. strike …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • străin — STRĂÍN, Ă, străini, e, adj., s.m. şi f. (Persoană) care face parte din populaţia altei ţări decât aceea în care se află sau trăieşte; (om, fiinţă) care este originară din altă regiune, localitate etc. decât aceea în care se află sau locuieşte,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Strain — Strain, n. 1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • strain — strain1 [strān] vt. [ME streinen < OFr estraindre, to strain, wring hard < L stringere, to draw tight: see STRICT] 1. to draw or stretch tight 2. to exert, use, or tax to the utmost [to strain every nerve] 3. to overtax; injure by… …   English World dictionary

  • strain# — strain n 1 *variety, subspecies, race, breed, cultivar, clone, stock 2 streak, vein, *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, tincture, tinge, shade, smack, spice, dash strain vb 1 sprain (see under STRAIN n 2) *demur, scruple, balk, jib, shy,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • strain — [n1] pain, due to exertion ache, anxiety, bruise, brunt, burden, constriction, effort, endeavor, exertion, force, injury, jerk, pressure, pull, sprain, stress, stretch, struggle, tautness, tension, tensity, twist, wrench; concept 728 Ant. health …   New thesaurus

  • Strain — Strain, n. [See {Strene}.] 1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family. [1913 Webster] He is of a noble strain. Shak. [1913 Webster] With animals and plants a cross between different varieties, or between individuals of the same variety but of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — ストレイン (Sutorein) Type Seinen Genre Action Thèmes Crime Manga Auteurs Buronson (scénario) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Strain — (str[=a]n), v. i. 1. To make violent efforts. Straining with too weak a wing. Pope. [1913 Webster] To build his fortune I will strain a little. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — bezeichnet: die US amerikanische Schauspielerin Julie Strain den Manga Strain (Manga) von Ryoichi Ikegami Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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