sentence

{{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}}
noun
1 group of words
ADJECTIVE
long, short

Try to keep your sentences short.

complete, whole
broken, incomplete
full

She was a gifted child and could speak in full sentences at a very young age.

single

The argument can be distilled into a single sentence.

grammatical, ungrammatical
coherent
affirmative, declarative, negative
complex, simple
run-on (AmE)
opening

the opening sentence of the novel

‘Once upon a time … ’—the opening sentence to some of our very best-loved fairy tales

following

I came across the following sentence in a paper recently … 

VERB + SENTENCE
begin
finish

Peter finished Jane's sentence for her.

complete

Complete the following sentence: ‘I love dictionaries because … ’.

end

He tells her not to end her sentences with prepositions.

speak, utter

Troy uttered one last sentence.

The last sentence was spoken considerably more softly than the others.

construct, form, formulate, string together, write

He can barely form a grammatical sentence.

Cooke was so nervous he could barely string a sentence together.

parse
punctuate (usually figurative)

She punctuated her sentence with a well-aimed kick at his right shin.

read

I kept reading the same sentence over and over again.

SENTENCE + VERB
contain sth, have sth

Does the sentence contain an adverb?

SENTENCE + NOUN
structure
2 punishment given by a judge
ADJECTIVE
maximum, minimum

the mandatory minimum sentence (AmE)

average
long, short
harsh, heavy, severe, stiff
lenient, light
reduced

He turned state's evidence in return for a reduced sentence.

indeterminate (esp. BrE)
appropriate
mandatory

The judge imposed the mandatory sentence for murder.

suspended
jail, prison
criminal

He suggested doubling the criminal sentences for company executives.

custodial, non-custodial (both BrE)
death
life
VERB + SENTENCE
hand down, impose, pass, pronounce

The judge will pass sentence on the accused this afternoon.

be given, get, receive
begin (esp. BrE)

He has begun a life sentence for Carol's murder.

serve

He will have to serve a life sentence.

carry out, complete

ex-felons who have completed their sentences

await (esp. BrE)

He spent a week in custody awaiting sentence.

face

She could face a long prison sentence.

suspend
appeal (esp. AmE), appeal against (BrE)
review
commute, reduce

The death sentence may be commuted to life imprisonment.

overturn, quash (BrE)
uphold

The US Supreme Court recently upheld both of these sentences.

carry

This type of assault carries a maximum sentence of six months in prison.

PREPOSITION
sentence for

an eight-year sentence for burglary

PHRASES
under sentence of death

He was imprisoned under sentence of death.

He has been in prison for two months under sentence of death.

{{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}}
verb
ADVERB
hereby

I hereby sentence you to death by hanging.

(= as spoken by a judge)
in absentia

He has been convicted and sentenced in absentia.

(= he was not present at the trial.)
PREPOSITION
for

They had been sentenced for murder.

to

He was sentenced to two years in prison.

The judge sentenced her to life imprisonment.

Sentence is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑court, ↑judge, ↑magistrate, ↑tribunal
Sentence is used with these nouns as the object: ↑defendant, ↑murderer, ↑offender

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sentence — sen·tence 1 / sent əns, ənz/ n [Old French, opinion, judicial sentence, from Latin sententia, ultimately from sentire to feel, think, express an opinion] 1: a judgment formally pronouncing the punishment to be inflicted on one convicted of a… …   Law dictionary

  • sentence — [ sɑ̃tɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1190; lat. sententia, de sentire « juger » 1 ♦ Décision rendue par un juge ou un arbitre. Prononcer, rendre, exécuter une sentence. ⇒ arrêt, décret, jugement, verdict. « sous le coup d un arrêt de mort, entre la sentence et l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sentence — de juge, Iudicium. Une sentence et jugement de laquelle le peuple a esté mal content, Iudicium inuidiosum. Bailler sentence, Pronuntiare. Donner quelque sentence ou appoinctement contre aucun, Decernere aliquid contra rem alicuius. On a donné… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • sentence — Sentence. s. f. Dit memorable, Apophtegme, maxime qui renferme un grand sens, une belle moralité. Les Proverbes de Salomon sont autant de Sentences admirables. un discours plein de Sentences. le Style de Seneque est rempli de Sentences. une des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Sentence — Sen tence, n. [F., from L. sententia, for sentientia, from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See {Sense}, n., and cf. {Sentiensi}.] 1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Tales of best sentence and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sentence — • In canon law, the decision of the court upon any issue brought before it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sentence     Sentence      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • sentence — 1. Many users of this book will have been taught that a sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense, contains a main verb, and when written begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (or a question mark if it is a question… …   Modern English usage

  • Sentence — or sentencing may refer to:* Sentence (linguistics), a grammatical unit of language * Sentence (mathematical logic), a formula with no free variables * Sentence (music), the smallest period in a musical composition * Sentence (law), the final act …   Wikipedia

  • sentence — vb Sentence, condemn, damn, doom, proscribe can all mean to decree the fate or punishment of a person or sometimes a thing that has been adjudged guilty, unworthy, or unfit. Sentence is used in reference to the determination and pronouncement of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sentence — [sent′ ns] n. [OFr < L sententia, way of thinking, opinion, sentiment, prob. for sentientia < sentiens, prp. of sentire, to feel, SENSE] 1. a) a decision or judgment, as of a court; esp., the determination by a court of the punishment of a… …   English World dictionary

  • Sentence — Sen tence, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sentenced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sentencing}.] 1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of. [1913 Webster] Nature herself is sentenced in your doom. Dryden.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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