penalty

noun
1 punishment
ADJECTIVE
harsh, heavy, hefty, severe, stiff, strict, substantial, tough
draconian
light
maximum, minimum
ultimate

These crimes carried with them the ultimate penalty of execution.

automatic (esp. BrE), fixed (BrE), mandatory

a new system of fixed penalties for most traffic offences

The legislation sanctions harsh mandatory penalties for weapons possession.

financial, monetary, tax

the heavy financial penalties of paying off the loan early

exit, redemption (both BrE)

There are redemption penalties if you pay off the mortgage early.

death

the movement for the abolition of the death penalty

civil, criminal
VERB + PENALTY
impose, introduce (esp. BrE), levy
reintroduce, restore

calls to restore the death penalty

apply, give, hand down, hand out (esp. BrE), issue (esp. BrE)

The penalty handed down was disproportionate to the crime committed.

exact (formal), implement (esp. BrE)

From time to time, the death penalty was exacted for murder.

charge (esp. BrE)

Some lenders charge heavy penalties for early settlement.

enforce, prescribe
threaten
receive
seek

He was seeking financial penalties against the company.

deserve
risk
increase, stiffen, toughen
reduce
attract (BrE), carry

crimes which carry severe penalties

face, incur
avoid, escape
waive

Credit card companies will waive penalties for flood victims who are unable to pay on time.

eliminate
PENALTY + NOUN
fee
notice, ticket (both BrE)

You will be given a fixed penalty notice if you fail to renew insurance on time.

fine (BrE)

There is a fixed penalty fine of £50 for allowing your dog to foul public places.

point (BrE)

Penalty points are given to drivers who speed.

payment (esp. BrE)
clause (esp. BrE)
system
PREPOSITION
on penalty of, under penalty of

The Romans prohibited the teaching of the Torah on penalty of death.

The application should be signed under penalty of perjury.

penalty for

the penalty for murder

penalty on

He threatened stiffer penalties on young offenders.

2 disadvantage
VERB + PENALTY
pay, suffer

He's now paying the penalty for his misspent youth.

People who lose their jobs are suffering the penalties for longer periods.

accept
PREPOSITION
penalty for

You must accept the penalty for your rash actions.

penalty of

It's just one of the penalties of fame.

3 in football/soccer
ADJECTIVE
controversial, disputed, dodgy (BrE, informal), dubious
winning
well-struck
missed
first-half, injury-time, second-half
early, late
last-minute
12th-minute, etc.
VERB + PENALTY
award (sb), give (sb)
concede, give away

They were leading until Cole gave away a penalty.

appeal for
be awarded, be given, earn, get, have, land, win

We were unlucky not to get a penalty.

boot, dispatch, kick, strike, take
score from

Owen scored from a first-half penalty.

net, slot home

Ricketts netted his third penalty of the season to put his team ahead.

miss
save
PENALTY + NOUN
area, box, corner, spot
award
kick
shoot-out
goal
miss
save
taker
chance, opportunity
attempt
PREPOSITION
penalty by, penalty from

They won, thanks to a late penalty from Fry.


Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • penalty — [ penalti ] n. m. • 1898; mot angl. « pénalisation », même rac. que pénal ♦ Sport Faute grave commise par un footballeur dans la surface de réparation de son camp. L arbitre a sifflé le penalty. Il y a penalty. ♢ Coup de pied tiré de l intérieur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penalty — pen·al·ty / pen əl tē/ n pl ties 1: a punishment that is imposed on a wrongdoer by statute or judicial decision 2: a pecuniary sum that by agreement is to be paid by a party who fails to fulfill an obligation to another and that is punitive… …   Law dictionary

  • penalty — pen‧al‧ty [ˈpenlti] noun penalties PLURALFORM [countable] 1. a punishment for breaking a law or rule: penalty for • There will be increased penalties for dumping oil at sea. • The offence carries a maximum …   Financial and business terms

  • Penalty — Pe nal*ty, n.; pl. {Penalties}. [F. p[ e]nalit[ e]. See {Penal}.] 1. Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Penalty — [ˈpɛnl̩tɪ] (engl.: Strafe, Sanktion) bezeichnet im deutschen Sprachraum meistens den mit dem Fuß zu tretenden Strafstoß im Fußball und Rugby. einen Strafschuss bei verschiedenen Hockeyarten, siehe Penalty (Eishockey). den Strafwurf beim Kanupolo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penalty — o penalti (del ingl. «penalty»; pl. «penaltys» o «penaltis») m. En fútbol y otros deportes, máxima sanción que consiste en permitir que un jugador solo ante el portero del equipo contrario tire directamente a gol, como castigo a este equipo por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • penalty — ► NOUN (pl. penalties) 1) a punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract. 2) something unpleasant suffered as a result of an action or circumstance: feeling cold is one of the penalties of old age. 3) a penalty kick or shot. ● under… …   English terms dictionary

  • penalty — pénalty (angl.) / penálti ( nal ti) s. n., art. pénalty ul / penáltiul ( ti ul); pl. pénalty uri / penáltiuri Trimis de gall, 20.02.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • penalty — penalty, casarse de penalty ► casarse, ► casarse de penalty …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

  • penalty of — With liability in case of infraction to the penalty of ● penalty …   Useful english dictionary

  • penalty — {{hw}}{{penalty}}{{/hw}}(sport) Nel calcio, calcio di rigore …   Enciclopedia di italiano

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