back

{{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}}
noun
1 part of the body
ADJECTIVE
broad
slender
muscular, strong
bent
straight
lower, upper
bare

The sun beat down on their bare backs.

aching, bad, sore, stiff

He's in bed with a bad back.

broken

He spent six months recovering from a broken back.

VERB + BACK
bend, hunch (esp. AmE)

He hunches his back when he walks.

straighten
stretch

He yawned and stretched his back as he got out of bed.

break, hurt, injure
arch

The cat arched its back and hissed at the dog.

lean

He leaned his back against the bar.

support
caress, massage, pat, rub, stroke (esp. BrE)
scratch
BACK + VERB
arch
stiffen, straighten

His back stiffened as he saw the photographers waiting.

ache, hurt
BACK + NOUN
injury, pain, trouble
muscles
support

a seat with good back support

massage, rub

Would you give me a back rub?

PREPOSITION
behind sb's back

They tied his hands behind his back.

People say bad things about him behind his back, but never to his face. (figurative)

flat on your back

I was flat on my back for six weeks when I broke my leg.

on your back

He was carrying a small child on his back.

She was lying on her back on the sofa.

in the/your back

I have a nagging pain in my lower back.

back to

He was standing with his back to the fire.

PHRASES
sb's back is turned

The boss was certain that the staff would stop working as soon as his back was turned. (figurative)

back to back

The children sat back to back.

a pat on the back, a slap on the back

He smiled and gave me a hearty slap on the back.

She deserves a pat on the back for her efforts. (figurative)

the small of your back

She felt a sharp pain in the small her back.

turn your back (on sb/sth)

Actors should never turn their backs on the audience.

She decided to turn her back on Paris and return home. (figurative)

watch your back (= be careful because people may want to harm you.)

I warned her she should watch her back.

2 part furthest from the front
PREPOSITION
around back (AmE), around the back (BrE), round the back (BrE) (= to the area behind the house, etc.)

Come around back and I'll show you the pool.

If you'd like to come round the back, I'll show you the garden.

at the back

We could only get seats at the back.

down the back

My money's all fallen down the back of the cushion.

in back (AmE)

There's room for three people in back.

in the back (BrE)

Two passengers sat in the back of the car.

to the back

The cup had been pushed to the back of the cupboard.

towards/toward the back

The arts page is usually towards/toward the back of the newspaper.

PHRASES
back to front (BrE)

I had my pullover on back to front.

{{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}}
verb
1 move back
ADVERB
hastily, hurriedly, immediately, quickly

She backed away hurriedly.

slowly

He backed slowly out of the room.

instinctively

They instinctively backed away from the intense heat.

cautiously, nervously

He took a step forward and she nervously backed away.

away, in, off, up

Try backing the car in—it's easier that way.

Back off! There's no need to yell at me.

Can you back your car up so that I can get through?

VERB + BACK
try to

He tried to back away.

PREPOSITION
across

She backed across the room.

away from

The children backed away from him in fear.

into

She backed into the garage.

out of

He backed out of the drive.

2 support sb/sth
ADVERB
strongly

Teachers are strongly backing the new educational policies.

fully
overwhelmingly
unanimously
openly, publicly
financially

his election bid was financially backed by a soft drinks company.

up

I'll back you up if they don't believe you.

PHRASAL VERB
back down
VERB + BACK DOWN
will (not)

He will never back down.

refuse to
be forced to (esp. BrE), have to
PREPOSITION
from

The government was forced to back down from implementing these proposals.

over

The committee finally backed down over the issue of spending cuts.

Back is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑conference, ↑sponsor, ↑voter
Back is used with these nouns as the object: ↑amendment, ↑appeal, ↑bill, ↑candidate, ↑car, ↑hunch, ↑initiative, ↑judgement, ↑loser, ↑move, ↑proposal, ↑rebel, ↑reform, ↑regime, ↑resolution, ↑scheme, ↑winner
{{Roman}}III.{{/Roman}}
adj.
Back is used with these nouns: ↑alley, ↑bedroom, ↑bench, ↑bumper, ↑copy, ↑corner, ↑cover, ↑deck, ↑door, ↑end, ↑entrance, ↑exit, ↑fence, ↑foot, ↑garden, ↑gate, ↑half, ↑issue, ↑lane, ↑lawn, ↑leg, ↑office, ↑order, ↑page, ↑part, ↑pass, ↑passage, ↑pay, ↑pocket, ↑porch, ↑rent, ↑road, ↑room, ↑row, ↑seat, ↑spin, ↑stair, ↑staircase, ↑step, ↑story, ↑street, ↑tax, ↑tooth, ↑tyre, ↑view, ↑vowel, ↑wage, ↑wall, ↑wheel, ↑window, ↑wing, ↑yard

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • back — back …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • back — back1 [bak] n. [ME bak < OE baec; akin to ON bak, OHG bahho] 1. the part of the body opposite to the front; in humans and many other animals, the part to the rear or top reaching from the nape of the neck to the end of the spine 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • back — ► NOUN 1) the rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips. 2) the corresponding upper surface of an animal s body. 3) the side or part of something away from the viewer. 4) the side or part of an object that is not normally seen …   English terms dictionary

  • Back — (b[a^]k), n. [AS. b[ae]c, bac; akin to Icel., Sw., & LG. bak, Dan. bag; cf. OHG. bahho ham, Skr. bhaj to turn, OSlav. b[=e]g[u^] flight. Cf. {Bacon}.] 1. In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — (b[a^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Backed} (b[a^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Backing}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To get upon the back of; to mount. [1913 Webster] I will back him [a horse] straight. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To place or seat upon the back. [R.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — eines kleineren Schiffes Back eines Massengutfrachters Back ist ein s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Back — Back, a. 1. Being at the back or in the rear; distant; remote; as, the back door; back settlements. [1913 Webster] 2. Being in arrear; overdue; as, back rent. [1913 Webster] 3. Moving or operating backward; as, back action. [1913 Webster] {Back… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — Back, adv. [Shortened from aback.] 1. In, to, or toward, the rear; as, to stand back; to step back. [1913 Webster] 2. To the place from which one came; to the place or person from which something is taken or derived; as, to go back for something… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • back — [bæk] verb [transitive] 1. to support someone or something, especially by giving money or using your influence: • The board backed Mr Standley, who plans to cut costs. • Shareholders have backed a plan to build a second plant. 2. FINANCE if …   Financial and business terms

  • Back on My B. S. — Back on My B.S. Studioalbum von Busta Rhymes Veröffentlichung 2009 Label Flipmode Records / Universal Motown Form …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Back-up — auch: Back|up 〈[bæ̣kʌp] n. 15 oder m. 6; EDV〉 Sicherungskopie von Computerdateien auf einem zweiten Speichermedium (neben der Festplatte) od. in komprimierter Form [<engl. backup „Rückendeckung, Unterstützung; Sicherheitskopie“] * * * Back up …   Universal-Lexikon

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