debt


debt
noun
1 sum of money owed
ADJECTIVE
big, crippling, enormous, heavy, high, huge, large, massive, substantial

He was burdened with crippling debts.

mounting

a company faced with mounting debts

outstanding, unpaid

She used her lottery winnings to pay off her outstanding debts.

bad (= that cannot be repaid)

Bad debt has hit the bank's profits this year.

long-term, short-term
overall, total
gross, net
commercial, corporate
federal, government
consumer
external, foreign, international
national, public

The country has a national debt of 80% of GNP.

personal

He used the cash to pay off personal debts.

gambling
credit-card, loan, mortgage

Managing your student loan debt is not easy.

VERB + DEBT
be burdened with, have, owe (sb)

the substantial debts that the company owed to the bank

accumulate, incur, run up

She ran up huge debts on her credit card.

clear, eliminate, meet, pay, pay back, pay off, repay, retire (AmE, finance), settle

Without a job, he'll never clear his debts.

It'll take months to pay off all your debts.

reduce
tackle

The new governments main aim is to tackle the country's massive debt.

default on

The company defaulted on its debt and its assets were seized.

cancel, erase, forgive, wipe out, write off

After a series of meetings, the banks were forced to write off the company's debts.

service (= pay interest on)

The fall in exports has left the country unable to service its debts.

refinance, reschedule, restructure

The company has reached a deal allowing it to restructure its debts.

consolidate

He wanted to consolidate his debts into one payment.

manage

The first step in managing your debt is to stop incurring it.

secure

a debt secured on property

DEBT + VERB
fall due (BrE)
stand at sth, total sth

The national debt stands at $7 billion.

arise from sth (BrE)

debts arising from bad investments

DEBT + NOUN
collection, collector
payment, repayment
burden, level, load, obligation

Data show that debt levels at private companies are increasing.

problem
management

We offer financial and debt-management advice.

cancellation, forgiveness, relief
reduction
consolidation
service
crisis

a solution to the debt crisis of the developing world

PREPOSITION
of debt

$80 million of debt

PHRASES
a burden of debt
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Faced with a mounting burden of debt, he sold off the company.

payment of a debt, repayment of a debt, settlement of a debt
2 state of owing money
ADJECTIVE
serious
VERB + DEBT
get into, go into, slip into

It is easy to get into serious debt with a credit card.

get out of

You can get out of debt by strict economizing.

PREPOSITION
in debt

He was heavily in debt by the time he sought advice.

out of debt

We're all struggling to stay out of debt.

PHRASES
deeply in debt, heavily in debt
3 sth that you owe sb
ADJECTIVE
great
VERB + DEBT
owe
acknowledge, recognize
repay

She was simply repaying a debt, saving his career in return for him saving hers.

PREPOSITION
in sb's debt

I will be forever in Ruth's debt for the excellent advice she gave me.

debt to

In the introduction, the author acknowledges her debt to other writers on the subject.

PHRASES
owe a debt of gratitude to sb

We owe a great debt of gratitude to our families for their support.


Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • debt — n [Old French dette, ultimately from Latin debita, plural of debitum debt, from neuter of debitus, past participle of debere to owe] 1: something owed: as a: a specific sum of money or a performance due another esp. by agreement (as a loan… …   Law dictionary

  • debt — W2S2 [det] n [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: dette, from Latin debitum, from debere to owe ] 1.) a sum of money that a person or organization owes debt of ▪ This over ambitious strategy has saddled them with debts of around $3,000,000.… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Debt — • That which is owed or due to another; in general, anything which one person is under an obligation to pay or render to another Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Debt     Debt      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • debt — [ det ] noun *** 1. ) count an amount of money that you owe: By this time we had debts of over $15,000. run up a debt (=let it increase): She had run up debts of nearly $10,000. pay (off)/repay a debt: Many people experience difficulty in paying… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Debt — Debt, n. [OE. dette, F. dette, LL. debita, fr. L. debitus owed, p. p. of debere to owe, prop., to have on loan; de + habere to have. See {Habit}, and cf. {Debit}, {Due}.] 1. That which is due from one person to another, whether money, goods, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • debt — debt; debt·less; debt·or; in·debt; in·debt·ed; in·debt·ed·ness; in·debt·ment; …   English syllables

  • debt — debt, indebtedness, obligation, liability, debit, arrear mean something, and especially a sum of money, that is owed another. Debt usually implies that the amount is owed in return for goods, property, or services and can be definitely computed… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • debt — A liability on a claim (SA Bankruptcy.com) Under Title 11 U.S.C. Section 101: (12) The term debt means liability on a claim. United Glossary of Bankruptcy Terms 2012 …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • debt — [det] n. [altered (after L) < ME & OFr dette < L debitum, neut. pp. of debere, to owe < de , from + habere, to have: see HABIT] 1. something owed by one person to another or others 2. an obligation or liability to pay or return something …   English World dictionary

  • debt — (n.) late 13c., dette, from O.Fr. dete, from L. debitum thing owed, neuter pp. of debere to owe, originally, keep something away from someone, from de away (see DE (Cf. de )) + habere to have (see HABIT (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • debt — [n] money owed to others albatross*, arrearage, arrears, bad news*, baggage*, below the line*, bill, bite*, capital, check, chit*, claim, commitment, credit, cuff*, damage*, dead horse*, debenture, debit, deficit, due, dues, duty, encumbrance,… …   New thesaurus


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