work
{{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}}
noun
1 effort/product of effort
ADJECTIVE
hard

It's hard work trying to get him to do a few things for himself.

It doesn't require skill—it's a matter of sheer hard work.

arduous, back-breaking, challenging, complicated, demanding, difficult, gruelling/grueling, intensive, labour-intensive/labor-intensive, tiring, tough

The show is the product of two years' intensive work.

tireless

Through their tireless work, they proved his innocence.

rewarding
heavy

They employ a couple of young men to do the heavy work.

donkey (BrE, informal)

I did the donkey work (= hard work requiring little skill) but I hired a professional for the hard part.

grunt (AmE, informal)

He has done the grunt work (= the hard, boring part of a task), sifting through thousands of official records.

light

She's only allowed to do a little light work because of her bad arm.

easy
close

I need to wear glasses for close work.

physical
delicate
dangerous
dirty

Engine maintenance is dirty work.

The drugs gang used children to do their dirty work for them. (figurative)

monotonous, repetitive, tedious
fascinating, interesting
purposeful

Many unemployed people welcome the chance to do purposeful work, even if unpaid.

valuable

The research institute needs funds in order to carry on its valuable work.

professional
men's, women's

They think that caring for children is women's work.

intellectual, mental
creative, imaginative
practical (see also fieldwork, paperwork)
detective, investigative
undercover

The scandal was revealed after months of undercover work by journalists.

leg (usually legwork)

Her job as a market researcher involves a lot of legwork (= walking around to collect information).

class, course (usually coursework), school (usually schoolwork)

She was getting distracted from her schoolwork.

written

His written work is the best in the class.

individual
group
project
collaborative, joint

classroom activities involving collaborative work between children

The report is the joint work of an economist and a sociologist.

remedial, restoration

The poorly designed bridge needs remedial work to make it safe.

background, preliminary, preparatory
follow-up
extra

He's willing to do extra work to get the project finished on time.

honest

He preferred to make his money from honest work rather than from gambling.

excellent, good, nice (informal), outstanding, sterling (esp. BrE)

Nice work, James! I'm impressed.

In accepting the award, she mentioned the sterling work of her assistants.

careful, meticulous, painstaking
poor, shoddy, sloppy
charitable, humanitarian
community, youth
missionary
groundbreaking, innovative, pioneering

He did pioneering work on microbes.

empirical, experimental
theoretical
academic, commercial, educational, environmental, scientific
building, construction
cosmetic, dental

She's had a lot of dental work done.

your own

Is this all your own work (= did you do it without help from others)?

… OF WORK
bit, piece

It was an interesting piece of work.

VERB + WORK
carry out, do, put in

All the construction work was carried out in 2001.

I had lots of work to do.

She's put in a lot of work on the design.

get done, have done

I think I'd better try and get some work done.

We're going to have some building work done on the house.

create, make

All these visitors make a lot of work for me.

produce

Work produced on a computer tends to look more professional.

get, have

We get far too much work at this time of year.

take on, undertake

I've taken on more work than I have time to do.

create, make

Small children make a lot of work for their parents.

begin, commence, get down to, set about, set to, start

They began work on the project last year.

Stop talking and get down to work.

We set to work on the outside of the house (= for example, painting it).

go about

She went cheerfully about her work.

carry on, continue, resume
complete, finish
halt, hold up, stop

Work on the project was halted.

lose

They lost the work to a competitor.

undo

The new president spent the first year undoing the work of his predecessor.

oversee, supervise

The assistant manager supervises work on the factory floor.

check, inspect
admire, appreciate, value

I really appreciate all your hard work.

support

We give grants to support the work of voluntary organizations.

set sb to

She set them to work painting the fence.

require

To carry out accurate market research requires a huge amount of work.

hand in, submit

We're supposed to hand in this work tomorrow.

WORK + VERB
come

The work comes in bursts according to the time of year.

wait

That work can wait until tomorrow.

go

How's the work going this morning?

involve sth

What does the work involve?

begin, start
continue, go on
come to a halt, grind to a halt

Work came to a complete halt in the summer.

cost

How much will the work cost?

WORK + NOUN
ethic
rate

Her boss told her she had to increase her work rate.

habit

Children can learn good work habits at school.

programme/program, schedule
crew (AmE)

The construction company has three work crews of five men each.

load (usually workload)

The instructor's work load was becoming increasingly heavy.

flow

Her job is to manage the company's work flow.

surface

Work surfaces should be left clear and clean.

PREPOSITION
at work

He's been hard at work all morning.

work on

I have to do some work on the car before it'll be ready.

work with

She's done a lot of work with disadvantaged children.

PHRASES
a backlog of work

It will take a month to clear the backlog of work.

keep up the good work

The hotel manager thanked the staff and told them to keep up the good work.

your life's work

The art collection was his life's work.

make light work of sth, make short work of sth (= to do sth quickly and easily)

Mike made short work of fixing the engine.

not a stroke of work (esp. BrE)

She never does a stroke of work.

pressure of work

Pressure of work forced him to cancel the cruise.

work in progress

The showroom has been designed so that people can see work in progress.

2 job
ADJECTIVE
paid, unpaid

She is now looking for paid work outside the home.

lucrative, well-paid
badly paid
full-time, part-time
permanent
temporary
regular, steady

He hasn't been in regular work since he left school.

casual

During the college vacations he does casual work in the local hospital.

freelance
voluntary, volunteer
skilled
semi-skilled
unskilled
manual
indoor, outdoor
daily, day-to-day, everyday, routine

People went about their daily work despite the war.

Ambulance crews alternate between emergency and routine work.

piece

It's piece work, so how much you earn depends on how fast you can work.

administrative, clerical, office, secretarial
managerial
domestic
social
research
agricultural, farm
building
nice (informal, humorous)

A hundred grand for two days a week? Nice work if you can get it!

VERB + WORK
have

He has some freelance work at the moment.

look for

He got laid off, so now he's looking for work again.

find, get

Full-time work is hard to find.

go to

I go to work by bus.

go out to

Some mothers of young children choose not to go out to work.

start
finish, knock off (informal)

What time do you finish work?

stop

She stops work at the end of this month.

give up

Just before he was sixty, he decided to give up work.

go back to, return to

She has just returned to work after the birth of her child.

allocate, give
outsource
coordinate

Sales reps meet up monthly to coordinate their work.

enjoy, love

I'm lucky—I love my work.

WORK + VERB
go

Work's going well at the moment.

start

What time does work start in the morning?

finish
consist of sth, include sth, involve sth

Her work consists of drawing up and coordinating schedules.

WORK + NOUN
day (esp. AmE), hours, week (esp. AmE)

Employees must not make personal calls during work hours.

force (usually workforce)
place (usually workplace)
area, environment, room (usually workroom)
station (usually workstation)
boots (esp. AmE), clothes
schedule
experience

The opportunities will depend on your work experience.

He's doing a month's unpaid work experience with an engineering company. (BrE)

permit, visa
incentive

High income tax can undermine work incentives.

practice

An independent report has described some work practices in the industry as old-fashioned.

stoppage
PREPOSITION
at work

‘Where's Diane?’ ‘She's at work.’

We had a party at work.

in (your) work

With so much unemployment, I'm lucky to be in work. (BrE)

It's important to be happy in your work.

off work (esp. BrE)

She's been off work with a bad back since July.

out of work

He's been out of work since the factory closed.

through work

I met him through work.

PHRASES
a line of work

‘What line of work are you in?’ ‘Computing.’

a place of work
3 book/music/art
ADJECTIVE
classic, fine, great
definitive, seminal

Her book is still considered the definitive work on beetles.

best-known, well-known
important, influential
erudite, scholarly
ambitious
creative
literary
dramatic
critical
autobiographical, biographical
artistic
photographic
sculptural
art (usually artwork)

The artwork in the book is superb.

untitled
completed, finished

The finished work will be on view in the city art gallery.

unfinished
collaborative
solo
commissioned

He does mainly commissioned portrait works.

abstract, figurative, graphic
choral, orchestral
guitar, piano, etc.
collected, complete

the collected works of Stephen King

early
late, mature

Picasso's mature works

latest, present, previous, recent

These paintings are more abstract than her previous work.

copyrighted

People are using file-sharing to steal copyrighted works.

published

Her portfolio includes published works in several magazines.

derivative
original
… OF WORK
series
collection, exhibit (AmE), exhibition (esp. BrE)

The gallery is staging a special exhibition of Monet's early works.

VERB + WORK
compose, create, produce, write

Beethoven composed his greatest works in the latter part of his life.

choreograph, conduct, translate
commission
perform, play
hear, read, see

Her work can be seen in most of the major European galleries.

conduct, direct, edit, produce, publish, put on

Over the next two years, the company is putting on the complete works of Brecht.

display, exhibit, feature, show, showcase

The town hall is exhibiting works by local artists.

acclaim, admire, appreciate, praise
critique (esp. AmE), discuss, review
inform, inspire

A love of landscape informs all his work.

WORK + VERB
be called sth, be entitled sth, be titled sth (esp. AmE)

a work entitled ‘The Sacrifice’

depict sth, describe sth, represent sth

The work represents a synthesis of the natural and the artificial.

consist of sth

a work consisting of twelve small blank canvases

appear, be on show, go on show

Her work appears at the Museum of Contemporary Art this summer.

PREPOSITION
in a/the work

She's studying the theme of death in the works of Beckett.

work by

a work by an unknown 18th-century writer

PHRASES
a work of art, a work of fiction, a work of literature

The building is hated by some and considered a work of art by others.

They discovered that his report was a complete work of fiction. (humorous)

a work of genius

Her latest novel is a work of genius.

4 (also works esp. BrE) building/repairing
ADJECTIVE
extensive, major
road (usually roadworks in BrE and roadwork in AmE)
maintenance, repair, restoration
VERB + WORKS
carry out

We are planning to carry out major works on the site.

plan
announce
WORKS + VERB
continue, go on

The works will continue until the end of July.

be completed, finish
PREPOSITION
at the work (BrE)

A contraflow is in operation at the works near Junction 5.

5 works (esp. BrE) factory
ADJECTIVE
brick, iron, steel (usually brickworks, etc.)
railway (BrE)
sewage, treatment

The smell is believed to have originated from the sewage works.

Scotland's biggest water treatment works

VERB + WORKS
open
close, close down, shut down
WORKS + VERB
open
close, close down

The steelworks closed in 1986.

WORKS + NOUN
manager, supervisor
canteen (BrE)
PREPOSITION
at the work

the night shift at the works

{{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}}
verb
1 do a job/task
ADVERB
hard

He had been working hard all morning.

tirelessly
assiduously, busily, diligently, methodically
feverishly, frantically
steadily
slowly
quickly
around the clock, round the clock (esp. BrE)

Emergency teams were working around the clock to make the homes secure.

full-time, part-time

A lot of mothers choose to work part-time.

illegally

He was found to be working illegally and was deported.

effectively, efficiently, productively

I work more efficiently on my own.

actively

We are actively working to increase the number of women in science.

closely, collaboratively, cooperatively, together

people who have worked closely together over a period of time

harmoniously

We have proved that different groups can work harmoniously together.

alone, independently, individually
directly

She works directly with customers.

primarily

I work primarily with young children.

away

We worked steadily away all morning.

VERB + WORK
continue to
choose to, prefer to

I prefer to work as part of a team.

motivate sb to

Employees are motivated to work harder for a whole host of different reasons.

enable sb to

I needed a job which would enable me to work at home.

refuse to
PREPOSITION
as

He's working as a teacher at the moment.

at

I've spent three hours working at this problem.

for

She works for an oil company.

on

We are working on plans for a new swimming pool.

towards/toward

They are all working towards/toward a common goal.

with

the people you work with

within

An architect must work within the confines of the laws of physics.

2 function; have a result/effect
ADVERB
correctly, effectively, efficiently, properly, satisfactorily, well

Everything worked very smoothly.

flawlessly, perfectly, seamlessly, smoothly
beautifully, brilliantly, splendidly (esp. BrE), wonderfully
independently

The fish's eyes can work independently of each other.

differently
synergistically (esp. AmE)
VERB + WORK
seem to
PHRASES
work like a charm, work like magic

Her strategy worked like a charm.

work to sb's advantage, work to sb's disadvantage

You can make your youth work to your advantage.

PHRASAL VERB
work out
ADVERB
beautifully, fine, great, perfectly, well
badly
PREPOSITION
as

It all worked out as we planned.

between

I told her I didn't think things would work out between us.

for

Things worked out well for Janet in the end.

to

This all works out to around $11 000.

Work is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑anaesthetic, ↑approach, ↑artist, ↑brain, ↑brake, ↑computer, ↑cure, ↑device, ↑diplomacy, ↑effort, ↑employee, ↑equipment, ↑evolution, ↑experiment, ↑flash, ↑heating, ↑idea, ↑imagination, ↑immigrant, ↑labourer, ↑link, ↑lung, ↑machine, ↑magic, ↑mechanism, ↑metaphor, ↑method, ↑mind, ↑motor, ↑muscle, ↑plan, ↑ploy, ↑printer, ↑process, ↑relationship, ↑remedy, ↑scheme, ↑scientist, ↑sculptor, ↑servant, ↑staff, ↑strategy, ↑system, ↑tactic, ↑technique, ↑thing, ↑tractor, ↑traffic light, ↑trainee, ↑trick, ↑volunteer, ↑watch, ↑worker
Work is used with these nouns as the object: ↑cash register, ↑circuit, ↑crowd, ↑desk, ↑door, ↑farm, ↑field, ↑hour, ↑jaw, ↑job, ↑land, ↑machine, ↑magic, ↑mine, ↑miracle, ↑muscle, ↑overtime, ↑passage, ↑pedal, ↑plantation, ↑plot, ↑puppet, ↑shift, ↑soil, ↑way

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • work — [wʉrk] n. [ME werk < OE weorc, akin to Ger werk < IE base * werĝ , to do, act > Gr ergon (for * wergon), action, work, organon, tool, instrument] 1. physical or mental effort exerted to do or make something; purposeful activity; labor;… …   English World dictionary

  • Work — (w[^u]rk), n. [OE. work, werk, weorc, AS. weorc, worc; akin to OFries. werk, wirk, OS., D., & G. werk, OHG. werc, werah, Icel. & Sw. verk, Dan. v[ae]rk, Goth. gawa[ u]rki, Gr. e rgon, [digamma]e rgon, work, re zein to do, o rganon an instrument,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Work — may refer to: Human labor: Employment House work Labor (economics), measure of the work done by human beings Manual labor, physical work done by people Wage labor, in which a worker sells their labor and an employer buys it Work (project… …   Wikipedia

  • work — n 1 Work, labor, travail, toil, drudgery, grind are comparable when they mean effort or exertion directed to the accomplishment of an end, or an employment or activity which involves such expenditure of effort or exertion. Work is the most… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Work — (w[^u]rk), v. t. 1. To labor or operate upon; to give exertion and effort to; to prepare for use, or to utilize, by labor. [1913 Webster] He could have told them of two or three gold mines, and a silver mine, and given the reason why they forbare …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • work — ► NOUN 1) activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a result. 2) such activity as a means of earning income. 3) a task or tasks to be undertaken. 4) a thing or things done or made; the result of an action. 5) (works)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Work — (w[^u]rk), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Worked} (w[^u]rkt), or {Wrought} (r[add]t); p. pr. & vb. n. {Working}.] [AS. wyrcean (imp. worthe, wrohte, p. p. geworht, gewroht); akin to OFries. werka, wirka, OS. wirkian, D. werken, G. wirken, Icel. verka,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • work — [n1] labor, chore assignment, attempt, commission, daily grind*, drudge, drudgery, effort, elbow grease*, endeavor, exertion, functioning, grind, grindstone*, industry, job, moil, muscle, obligation, pains*, performance, production, push, salt… …   New thesaurus

  • Work — Título Charlot, empapelador o Carlitos empapelador o Charlot trabaja Ficha técnica Dirección Charles Chaplin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Work It — «Work It» Sencillo de Nelly y Justin Timberlake del álbum Nellyville Formato Disco compacto Género(s) Rap Duración 4:22 …   Wikipedia Español

  • work it — informal phrase to arrange for something to happen I’ll try and work it so we can leave early today. Thesaurus: to make plans or arrangementssynonym Main entry: work * * * ˈwork it/things …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”