law


law
noun
1 official rule/rules ⇨ See also ↑martial law
ADJECTIVE
administrative, case, civil, common, constitutional, criminal, statute, etc.
abortion, bankruptcy, business, contract, divorce, employment, family, immigration, labour/labor, libel, tax, etc.
federal, international, state
clear

The law is clear: bribery is wrong.

unclear, vague
harsh, strict, stringent, tough

Environmental laws are strict about polluting precious water.

discriminatory, unconstitutional, unjust

We believe this law is unconstitutional.

liberal
restrictive

the passage of a restrictive immigration law in 1924

Jewish, Talmudic
Islamic, sharia
VERB + LAW
become

A presidential veto prevented the bill from becoming law.

Parliament voted for the bill to become law.

apply, enforce, implement, uphold

It's the job of the police to enforce the law.

follow, obey, observe, respect
break, flout, violate
adopt, create, enact, introduce, pass
overturn, repeal
amend, change, reform, revise

Congress amended the law in 1998.

draft, write

the legislators who drafted the law

interpret

Judges interpret this law in different ways.

LAW + VERB
allow sth, authorize sth, permit sth
recognize sth

a law recognizing civil unions for same-sex couples

ban sth, forbid sth, prohibit sth

The law forbids gambling of any kind.

limit sth, restrict sth

a law limiting the hours of work to ten hours per day

criminalize sth

Laws criminalizing same-sex relationships were ruled unconstitutional.

mandate sth (esp. AmE), require sth

The wearing of a crash helmet is required by law.

govern sth, regulate sth

the law governing school attendance

the laws regulating firearms

apply to sb/sth, cover sb/sth

The law applies equally to businesses large and small.

LAW + NOUN
court (BrE) (also court of law (BrE, AmE)
case, suit (usually lawsuit)

lawsuits filed by women against employers

enforcement

The building was raided by law enforcement agents.

violation (AmE)
reform

the broader implications of copyright law reform

clerk, partner (both AmE)
office, practice (both AmE)

She lost her job at a Boston law office.

license (AmE)
book, journal, review

a room filled with law books

library
PREPOSITION
above the law

No one is above the law.

against the law

What you did was clearly against the law.

beyond the law

individuals who are acting beyond the law

by law

By law, you are obliged to install smoke alarms in the factory.

outside the law

rebels who live outside the law

within the law

The company is operating entirely within the law.

law against

a local law against keeping horses

law concerning, law on, law regarding, law relating to

the law concerning industrial action ballots

A law on hunting will cause a lot of disagreements.

the laws regarding child actors

the law relating to the sale of goods

PHRASES
as the law stands (BrE)

As the law stands, you can get married at sixteen.

law and order

Martial law was imposed to prevent the breakdown of law and order.

the law of the land

the Civil Rights Act of 1964 became the law of the land on July 2, 1964.

the letter of the law

In spite of the difficulties it would cause her family, the judge stuck to the letter of the law and jailed her.

take the law into your own hands

When police failed to arrest the suspect, local people took the law into their own hands.

2 subject of study/profession
VERB + LAW
practise/practice
LAW + NOUN
firm
school

She's in law school. (AmE)

She's at law school. (BrE)


Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • law — / lȯ/ n [Old English lagu, of Scandinavian origin] 1: a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority: as a: a command or provision enacted by a legislature see also statute 1 b:… …   Law dictionary

  • law, at — adj. Pertaining to law; related to the law or the legal profession. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • Law — (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See {Lie} to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Law — /law/, n. 1. Andrew Bonar /bon euhr/, 1858 1923, English statesman, born in Canada: prime minister 1922 23. 2. John, 1671 1729, Scottish financier. 3. William, 1686 1761, English clergyman and devotional writer. * * * I Discipline and profession… …   Universalium

  • Law — • By law in the widest sense is understood that exact guide, rule, or authoritative standard by which a being is moved to action or held back from it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Law     Law …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • law — [lɔː ǁ lɒː] noun 1. [singular, uncountable] LAW the whole system of rules that citizens of a country must obey: • It is against the law (= illegal ) for children to work before they are fifteen. • There were easy profits for businessmen who were… …   Financial and business terms

  • Law — [From Old English lagu something laid down or fixed ; legal comes from Latin legalis , from lex law , statute ( [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=law searchmode=none Law] , Online Etymology Dictionary; [http://www.merriam… …   Wikipedia

  • law — W1S1 [lo: US lo:] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(system of rules)¦ 2¦(a rule)¦ 3 law and order 4¦(police)¦ 5¦(what always happens)¦ 6¦(study/profession)¦ 7¦(sport/activity)¦ 8 the law of the jungle 9 the law of averages 10 be a …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • LAW — bezeichnet: The Law, britische Rockband alternative Umschrift des chinesischen Familiennamens Luo Law (Texas), Stadt in Texas Law ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexandre Jacques Bernard Law de Lauriston (1768–1828), französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • law — [ lɔ ] noun *** ▸ 1 rule or set of rules ▸ 2 profession of lawyers ▸ 3 study of rules ▸ 4 explanation of process ▸ 5 the police ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) count an official rule that people must obey: The new law will be passed by the Senate in the spring …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Law — bezeichnet: Law (Texas), Stadt in Texas The Law, britische Rockband alternative Umschrift des chinesischen Familiennamens Luo Law ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexandre Jacques Bernard Law de Lauriston (1768–1828), französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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